Nathan Haskell Dole (Ed.) The Complete Works of Lyof N. Tolstoï, New York: Thomas Y. Crowell Company, 1899-1902. Nine (of twelve, incomplete) uniformly bound hard cover illustrated volumes totalling 6,133 pages. Octavo, 21.5 x 14.8 cm, initial decorated title page in each volume in three colours, top page edges gilt, front deckle edges, tissue guards to illustrations and main titles. The volumes, comprising novels, novellas, short stories, plays, non-fiction, essays, letters, stories for children, political, religious, and moral works, and critical articles, are unnumbered and tabulated below showing dates of original publication.
- Childhood (1852), Boyhood (1854), Youth (1856), x + 379 pages, translator’s Preface, semi-autobiographical novels, with images of the young Tolstoy (1848 and 1851 daguerreotypes), three novels bound at the end of Vol. III of Anna Karenina.
- The Cossacks (1863), x + 201 pages, original drawing by F.C. Yohn. Sevastopol (1855), v + 139 pages, frontispiece photograph of Count L. N. Tolstoï. Tolstoy’s responses to his military experiences in the Crimean War and elsewhere. The Invaders and Other Stories (1887), x + 296 pages, Introduction (The Wood Cutting Expedition; An Old Acquaintance; Lost on the Steppe, or, The Snowstorm (1856); Polikushka (1860); and Kholstomer, 1888).
- War and Peace (1864-69), Vols. I and II bound together. Vol. I, xxii + 289 pages, Editor’s Preface, Introduction, frontispiece image of Tolstoï, Contents, Principal Characters. Vol. II, xiv + 332 pages, original drawing by E.H. Garrett.
- War and Peace (1864-69), Vols. III and IV bound together. Vol. III, xiv + 294 pages, original drawing by E.H. Garrett. Vol. IV, xiv + 341 pages, original drawing by E.H. Garrett.
- War and Peace (1864-69), Vols. V and VI bound together. Vol. V, xvi + 322 pages, original drawing by E.H. Garrett. Vol. VI, xiv + 289 pages, original drawing by E.H. Garrett.
- Anna Karenina (1873-76), Vols. I and II bound together. Vol. I, x + 308 pages, original drawing by E. Boyd Smith. Introduction, Chief Persons of the Story. Frontispiece image of Tolstoï, 1876. Vol. II, 349 pages, original drawing by E. Boyd Smith. Anna Karenina (1873-76) Vol. III, 397 pages, original drawing by E. Boyd Smith; bound with Childhood (1852), Boyhood (1854), Youth (1856) (See 1. above.)
- The Long Exile and Other Stories (1899), x + 395 pages, frontispiece original drawing by T.V. Chominski, Introduction (What Men Live By; Yermak, the Conqueror of Siberia; Desire Stronger than Necessity; Stories of My Dogs; Early Days; Scenes from Common Life; Stories from Physics; Tales from Zoology; Stories from Botany; Fables; From The New Speller; Yasnaya Polyana School; Who Should Learn Writing of Whom; A Dialogue Among Clever People; Walk in the Light), bound with: Master and Man (1895), viii + 57 pages, original drawing by Charles Copeland, Introduction, bound with: The Kreutzer Sonata (1889) and Sequel to the Kreutzer Sonata, 112 pages, image of Tolstoï in his workroom, from painting by Repin, 1891, bound with: The Dekabrists, 62 pages, unfinished novel, bound with: Dramas (1886-89), 221 pages (The Power of Darkness; The Fruits of Enlightenment).
- What is To Be Done? (1886), xvi + 283 pages, frontispiece image of Tolstoï from an 1884 painting, Preface, text; bound with: Life (1887), 157 pages, frontispiece image of Tolstoï from portrait by Kramsky, 1876, Introduction, image of Tolstoï from portrait by Ilya Y. Repin, 1887, text.
- The Kingdom of God is Within You (1893), viii + 335 pages, frontispiece Count Tolstoï Ploughing from the painting by Repin, Introduction, text; What is Art? (1897), xii + 203 pages, frontispiece House of Count L.N. Tolstoï in Moscow, translator’s Preface, Author’s Preface. What is Religion? (1902), iii + 176 pages, Portrait of Tolstoï from the painting by Repin; On Religious Tolerance (1902); Notes for Officers (1901); Notes for Soldiers (1901); True Criticism (1901); The Only Means 1901); My Reply to the Synod (1901); Thou Shalt Not Kill (1900); How Shall We Escape? (1898); Recent Private and Other Letters (1902).
Condition varies from very good to near fine. All bindings are tight and the great majority of text pages are internally clean and bright, tissue guards to illustrations fine. A little browning of a few page edges, mainly near illustrated pages, light spotting of some endpapers and deckle edges, light shelf wear to some spines, head of one spine is chipped.
The novels and novellas, collections of short stories, plays, non-fiction and other works of Tolstoy in Russian are said to amount to 46,000 pages in 90 volumes. English-language translations of his better-known works began to appear in so-called “complete” or “collected” editions from 1899, although Tolstoy lived until 1910 and continued writing until very late in his life. It is not clear whether in some of these editions in English individual works published in several volumes were counted as one or several volumes.
Count Lev Nikolayevich Tolstoï (1828-1910)—known to the English-speaking world as Leo Tolstoy—was born in an aristocratic Russian family at Yasnaya Polyana, a family estate 200 km south of Moscow. His parents died when he was young, and he and his siblings were raised by relatives. He began studying law and oriental languages in 1844 at Kazan University but abandoned his studies to spend time on the family estate and in Moscow and Saint Petersburg. He incurred heavy gambling debts within a few years and joined the Army in the Caucasus, and began writing. His traumatic military experiences as an Artillery Lieutenant in the Crimean War, his European visits in 1857 (when he witnessed a public execution in Paris) and 1860-61 led Tolstoy to adopt non-violent and spiritual anarchist views. He began to view the State as exploitative and corrupting, vowing never to serve any government. He later instilled the concept of non-violence in the young Mahatma Gandhi, through his Letter to a Hindu, when Gandhi sought his advice.
Tolstoy has long been regarded as a giant of world literature. Dostoyevsky regarded him as the greatest of living novelists. He has been acclaimed by the most distinguished writers, from Flaubert to Chekhov, Matthew Arnold, Virginia Woolf, James Joyce, and Proust, to Thomas Mann, Faulkner, and Nabokov.
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